DCC Guidelines for Creating Accessible Web Pages

What is Web Accessibility

Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can use the Web. More specifically, Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the Web, and that they can contribute to the Web. Web accessibility also benefits others, including older people with changing abilities due to aging.

Web accessibility encompasses all disabilities that affect access to the Web, including visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, and neurological disabilities. Millions of people have disabilities that affect their use of the Web. Currently most Web sites and Web software have accessibility barriers that make it difficult or impossible for many people with disabilities to use the Web. As more accessible Web sites and software become available, people with disabilities are able to use and contribute to the Web more effectively.

Every year, DCC receives an accessibility report run by the central office scoring our Website on accessibility.  Not all areas of accessibility are tested, but several are.  Currently, DCC is registered with UsableNet which provides a text translation of everything on a given page.  It can be accessed by clicking the Text Only link in the upper right corner of the home page.  The text-only option allows for the use of screen readers, a tool commonly used by people who are visually impaired.

However, the Text Only feature has a major flaw in that it cannot provide text for images, unless ALT Text has been applied to each image.  This is an easy process and a tutorial for it may be accessed at this link.

Other tips for accessibility include:

  • Use only HTML and PDF documents; others may not be as accessible

  • Limit motion or sound media (Flash movies, video, audio).  The current standard does not require subtitles or transcription but that's coming. If you embed these files in a page, you must provide the appropriate alternative text.  It is best to link out to the files on another source, for example Youtube.

  • Do NOT begin with a Word document and try to save it in HTML format.  That almost always places images in the page, often that you can't see, but don't contain alternative text. 

 

The location of pages that fail the accessibility test will be forwarded to the page owner so that the problem can be addressed.

 

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